A total of 18 species and subspecies representing 10 genera within two families (Buthidae and Diplocentridae) have been recorded in Jordan (Vachon, 1966; Levy et al., 1973; Kinzelbach, 1984; Amr et al., 1988; Amr and El-Oran, 1994; Stathi and Mylonas, 2001; Lourenço et al., 2002 and 2010, Kovařík, 2003 and 2012; Kovařík and Whitman, 2004).
Family Buthidae includes eight genera (Androctonus, Birulatus, Buthacus, Buthus, Compsobuthus, Hottentotta, Leiurus, and Orthochirus) and 15 species and subspecies. Scorpionidae are represented by a two genera (Nebo and Scorpio) with three species and subspecies
Key for the scorpions in Jordan
The present key is based on several keys with addition of descriptions of newly described species from Jordan (Levy and Amitai, 1980; Amr et al., 1988; El-Hennawy, 1988; Amr and El-Oran, 1994; Lourenço et al., 2002 and 2010; Kovařík, 2012).